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Breakthrough As University Of Energy And Natural Resources Develops Fire Alert System
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The University of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR) has developed an information system that will alert the Ghana National Fire Service (GNFS) to fire outbreaks for prompt response.

It was developed by the Earth Observation Research Centre of the university and officials of the centre said the system would provide the GNFS with information on fire monitoring, detection and alerting through the use of a satellite.

Known as the Advanced Fire Information System (AFIS), the technology, which was developed in partnership with some international organisations, also has the capacity to detect and predict wildfires in the entire West African sub-region.

Last Tuesday, officials of the university held talks with the management of the GNFS to fine-tune moves to link up the system with the information and communications technology (ICT) platform of the GNFS. 

The technology is said to be the first of its kind in West Africa.

The Head of the Earth Observation Research Centre of the UENR, Dr Amos Kabo-Bah, who led a delegation from the university to the GNFS Headquarters in Accra, said the AFIS would greatly assist in fire management in the country.


Touching on the features of the AFIS, Dr Kabo-Bah said it had a statistics data portal which provided burned area estimates for any administrative boundary or pre-defined area of interest.

“There is a web viewer which is an online system that integrates dynamic fire information with baseline localised data sets to help with planning and the analysis of current and historical fire patterns,” he said.

Additionally, he mentioned the fire dashboard, which had been developed for a control centre environment where operators could set up, integrate and visualise various data sources for a specific area of interest.

To ensure that the system was effective, Dr Kabo-Bah said, the centre was seeking to integrate its system with the ICT Unit of the GNFS and other relevant institutions.

He said the centre was also proposing that public premises, including industries, markets and filling stations, have watch fire towers, while there should be a mandatory policy for such institutions to install specific cameras for surveillance which would also feed the AFIS.

Besides, he said, the centre had recommended the use of drones for firefighting on both land and sea for the GNFS, especially for situations where the fires were intense.


The system, he said, sought to build a strong fire detection system as part of efforts to strengthen the work of the GNFS.

He said it also sought to create citizen-based crowd sourcing of fire incidents.

Additionally, he said, it was  to make Ghana a centre of excellence for fire detection in the sub-region and leverage international cooperation with the rest of the countries in the region.

Besides, he said, it was to create a revenue pool to support infrastructure at the GNFS and the UENR.

AFIS different from GhanaPost GPS

Differentiating the AFIS from the GhanaPost GPS, Dr Kabo-Bah explained that while the GhanaPost GPS gave only location and address, the AFIS gave details of the situation based on a current location or defined area of interest.

Nonetheless, he called on the government to consider integrating the AFIS into the GhanaPost GPS system.

The acting Chief Fire Officer, Mr Edwin Ekow Blankson, said the system would help the GNFS respond promptly to fire outbreaks and other disasters.

He said it would also help assess the extent of damage to the environment caused by fires and personnel would be educated on the system to enable them to acquaint themselves with it.

While commending the university for the initiative, Mr Blankson noted that the GNFS would partner the UENR to ensure that the system was fully implemented to help improve fire management in the country.

About UENR

The UENR was established by an Act of Parliament, Act 830, 2011 on December 31, 2011.

It is a public university which seeks to provide leadership and management of energy and natural resources and be a centre of excellence in these critical areas.

It is a multi-campus institution with three campuses located in Sunyani (main), Nsoatre and Dormaa Ahenkro.
Source: Daily Graphic

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